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Save Irrigation Water Using the Innovative Machine of Soil and Water Management for Rice Crop Cultivation (SWMR)

Date: 3 April 2018

 


 

PRESENTATION

 

Save Irrigation Water Using the Innovative Machine of Soil and Water Management for Rice Crop Cultivation (SWMR)

(Speaker:  Dr. Mohamed E. El-Hagarey (Egypt) )

 

 

Young Professional Series

ICID Young Professional e-Forum (IYPeF) will be organizing a series of webinars in 2018 during the period April-July 2018. The first webinar wias aimed to promote active participation and generate wider knowledge dissemination to bring a common understanding among the young professionals in the irrigation and drainage sector, particularly Agriculture Water Management (AWM).

 


 

The first webinar in the young professional series was held on 3 April 2018. Dr. Mohamed E. El-Hagarey, Researcher at Irrigation and Drainage unit, Desert Research Center (DRC), Egypt and a Young Professional WatSave Award winner (2016) gave the presentation on his innovative work “Save Irrigation Water Using the Innovative Machine of Soil and Water Management for Rice Crop Cultivation (SWMR)”. Dr. El-Hagarey is the Vice President of Halayb and the Shalateen research station and records patents in hydraulics devices, especially in fluid mechanics and irrigation sciences. He has contributed to many international and national scientific projects and has several international publications to his credit.

The webinar opened with welcome remarks by Er. Harish Varma, Executive Director and a brief introduction of the speaker by Dr. Sahdev Singh, Director (KM). Ms. Katheel Heuvel, IYPeF lead coordinator praised the initiative taken by the ICID central office to organize such webinars as it provides a platform for rich and insightful discussions and to disseminate the information among the international community.

Dr. El-Hagarey in his presentation highlighted that rice is the staple food of more than half the population of the world and uses about 40% of the world’s irrigation water thereby occupying about 1/3rd of the cultivated area. The objective of his innovative field work was to study rice cultivation under two transplanting methods: (1) Traditional method (WT) with surface irrigation (2) Modified innovative method (Wm) with furrow (bottom) irrigation. He elaborated on the innovative agricultural implement for field preparation just before rice transplanting takes place. The method uses furrow bottom designed by an innovative machine resulting in 47% water saving besides saving nutrients (25%) from leaching as compared to the traditional method. The implement has demonstrated improved water use efficiency and water productivity as well as significant reduction in fertilizer application. ICID through its various programs and initiatives provides an excellent platform for such innovations to be recognized at an international level.

 


 

Introduction

 

Rice is the staple food of more than half the population of the world using about 40% of the world’s irrigation water and occupying about 1/3rd area of the cultivated area in the world. Hence, the importance of water management of Rice for water saving around the world.

 

In Egypt, Rice is considered as one of the most important food crop besides being high on the agenda of export. In the last ten years, the annual cultivated area under Rice increased from 0.43 to 0.60 Mha and the Rice production increased from 3.14 to 5.80 MT with an average grain productivity of 8.7 Tons/ha. The objective of this field work was to study rice cultivation under two planting methods: (1) the traditional method (WT) with surface irrigation and (2) the modified innovative method (Wm) with furrow (bottom) irrigation. The innovative method uses furrow bottoms designed by an innovative machine resulting in 47% water saving in applied irrigation water besides saving nutrients (25%) from leaching as compare to the traditional method.

 

About the innovation

 

The Soil and Water Management Machine for Rice Cultivation (SWMR) consists of a cylinder rule having many circular protrusions around the basic cylinder rule to roll over the subsoil to a depth of 25 cm under the soil surface behind the tractor. The cross section of trenches, thus designed/created, faces the transplanted rows of Rice.  In this new technique of rice cultivation, rice is transplanted at the bottom of the long trench (20 cm wide) having ‘V’ shaped cross section allowing no water stress even when 50% water is depleted in the traditional method.


 

 

Speaker - Dr. Mohamed E. El-Hagarey (Egypt)

Dr. Mohamed E. El-Hagarey, Researcher (Ph.D) at Irrigation and Drainage unit, Desert Research Center (DRC), Cairo, Egypt is a Young Professional WatSave Award winner (2016) for his innovative work on “Save Irrigation Water Using the Innovative Machine of Soil and Water Management for Rice Crop Cultivation (SWMR)”

Dr. M. El-Hagarey besides his work as Vice President of Halayb and the Shalateen research station, records patents in hydraulics devices, especially in fluid mechanics and irrigation sciences. He has contributed in many international and national scientific projects and have many international publications (articles, research papers, books, bulletins, reports, posters and journals) to his credit. He has worked in scientific research field in Africa, Asia and Europe. Dr. El-Hagarey works as a consultant for many companies and committees.  He is the President of Al-Kantra Shark research station.


 

Coordinator: Madhu Mohanan, Communication Officer, E-mail:  icid@icid.org
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