(1) The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) was established on 24 June 1950 as a Scientific, Technical and Voluntary, Not-for-Profit, Non-Governmental International Organization (NGO) with headquarters in New Delhi, India. The Commission is dedicated to securing the world-wide supply of food and fibre by improving water and land management and the productivity of irrigated and drained lands through appropriate management of water and environment and with application to irrigation, drainage and flood management.
(2) The mission of ICID is to stimulate and promote the development and application of the arts, sciences and techniques of engineering, agriculture, economics, ecological and social sciences in managing water and land resources for irrigation, drainage, flood management and river training applications, including research and development and capacity building for achieving sustainable irrigated agriculture.
(3) ICID organises International Congresses, Regional Conferences, and Special Technical Sessions. So far 66 International Executive Council (IEC), 22 highly successful International Congresses, 10 Afro-Asian Regional Conferences, 26 European Regional Conferences, 2 Special Technical Sessions, 4 Pan-American Regional Conferences and 12 International Drainage Workshop (IDW) 7 Asian Regional Conference, 4 African Regional Conference and one World Irrigation Forum were successfully held.
(4) The ICID Executive Council at its 63rd meeting held at Adelaide, Australia in June 2012 approved the organization of a World Irrigation Forum (WIF) with a view to attract the full spectrum of stakeholders – from farmers up to policy level. The WIFs will be held triennially. Accordingly, the 1st World Irrigation Forum was held at Mardin, Turkey in 29 September to 3 October 2013, which was attended by more than 750 participants from 61 countries and 12 international organizations. The forthcoming technical conferences of ICID are as follows:
- 67th International Executive Council and 2nd World Irrigation Forum, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 6-12 November 2016
- 13th International Drainage Workshop, Ahwaz City, Khuzestan Province, Iran, 4-7 March 2017
- 68th International Executive Council and 23rd ICID Congress on Irrigation and Drainage, Mexico City, Mexico, 8-14 October 2017
(5) Experts from all over the world participate at ICID Congresses / Irrigation Fora and Conferences and are available for consultation and exchange of views on problems particularly facing the developing countries. ICID membership covers over 90% of the irrigated area in the world.
(6) ICID also invites private companies, institutions and individuals involved in agriculture water management to join as “Direct Member”. By joining ICID, individuals, companies and institutions working or dealing with irrigation, drainage and flood-related issues would be part of an international network which offers opportunities to exchange knowledge and experience with others and to establish partnerships; stay informed on recent irrigation, drainage and flood management news and events through Commission’s publications; make their voice heard and contribute to improved understanding among stakeholders, while enabling new ideas on water policy etc.
(7) Meetings of International Executive Council (IEC) which comprises representatives from ICID member countries and over 25 technical committees / workbodies take place annually by rotation in one of the member countries where top experts from all over the world gather, providing an excellent forum for interaction and deliberations.
(8) ICID helps in organisation of seminars/workshops, on problems facing a country, with the assistance of international bodies like World Bank, FAO, IWMI, WMO, ADB, GWP, IFPRI, ICRISAT and others.
(9) ICID helps to explore financial assistance from donor organisations for delegates from developing countries to attend ICID Congresses / Irrigation Fora and other ICID meetings; and also for organising special ICID meetings.
(10) With the closing of the FAO initiated programme IPTRID, ICID adopted the concept of International Program for Technology and Research in Irrigation and Drainage (IPTRID) by setting up of Nodal Centres at China and Iran with the support from their respective Governments.
(11) ICID sponsors/organises workshops on specific subjects. So far 12 International Drainage Workshops and other workshops have been held.
(12) ICID brings out highly informative and useful special publications and Forum / Congress transactions from time to time in which the rich experience of other countries is reported on topical problems.
(13) ICID, through M/s. Wiley-Blackwell (UK), publishes (five issues in a year) a peer reviewed technical journal 'Irrigation and Drainage', carrying selected articles for its members. Some Special Issues are also brought out to focus on hot issues of the period. The annual 'Best Paper Award' has also been instituted. The biggest benefit is that a member country (National Committee) gets 5 free hard copies + 5 on-line access to ICID Journal for all WG members from that country. Many a times, the market value of all the copies of the Journal that a country gets, exceeds the concerned ICID subscription.
A quarterly ICID News (ICID Newsletter renamed as “ICID News”) and a monthly News Update are also published for its members. A weekly e-Bulletin in English and a fortnightly Bulletin electronique CIID in French is also brought out and circulated to ICID members as well as to the subscribers. Some of the publications have received worldwide appreciation. They include Irrigation and Drainage in the World - A Global Review (3 volumes), A Global Review on Flood Control in the World (2 volumes) - A Worldwide Survey on Irrigation and Salinity, Environmental Checklist, and ICID-World Bank Guide 'Planning the Management, Operation and Maintenance of Irrigation and Drainage Systems'. The ICID Multilingual Technical Dictionary (revised in 2010) has been translated into 14 languages. Some publications are also brought out in cooperation / collaboration with other international organizations such as FAO. An ICID-FAO publication on Management of Agricultural Drainage Water Quality and second ICID "WatSave Scenario" has been published. ICID has published numerous publications over the years. Some select publications are listed below:
(14) ICID collaborates with several international water related organisations on issues of topical interest and importance. The outcomes of such deliberations are presented to the International Executive Council and communicated to all ICID member countries regularly.
(15) ICID promotes broadbasing of its constituent member National Committees through involvement of professionals from different disciplines and organisations. Mutual co-operation/collaboration of National Committees is encouraged. It is observed that participants in these Committees benefit from the wider peer group that is provided by co-operation under the ICID umbrella, both at home and abroad. A number of Committees have developed under this umbrella into strong autonomous organizations with their own programs and an ever-broadening membership of all the key stakeholders. To provide further encouragement to Member Committees' development, a 'Best Performing National Committee Award' has been instituted. Similarly, to give a further impetus to the activities of the technical workbodies, a `Best Performing Workbody Award' has also been instituted.
(16) With the objective to promote sustainable irrigation and enhanced agriculture production to achieve food security around the world, ICID has instituted the World Irrigation and Drainage Prize (WID Prize) and recognizes the contributions made by an individual or an institution in the field of Irrigation and Drainage that have far reaching and wide impacts. The Prize includes a cash award of US $10,000 and a ‘Citation Plaque’ citing the meritorious achievements of the winner which will be awarded during the triennial World Irrigation Forum. The first WID Prize was awarded to Prof. Victor A. Dukhovny (Uzbekistan) at the 1st World Irrigation Forum held at Mardin, Turkey for his outstanding contributions to the development of agriculture water management for over 57 years.
(17) ICID has initiated a scheme in 2014 during the 65th IEC meeting held at Gwangju, Korea for Recognition of “Heritage Irrigation Structures (HIS) with an objective to trace the history of and understanding the evolution of irrigation in the civilizations across the world; to select and collect information on historical irrigation structures from around the world, understand their significant achievements and gather knowledge about the unique features that have sustained the project for such a long period; to learn the philosophy and wisdom on sustainable irrigation from these countries; and to protect/preserve these historical irrigation structures. The recognition of the Heritage Irrigation Structure (HIS) this year has been awarded to 4 structures in China; 1 in Pakistan; 2 in Sri Lanka; 9 in Japan and 1 in Thailand.
(18) Through communications, the member National Committees are apprised of ICID's Strategy and Position / Stand on important water-related issues which help them to formulate activities in their countries.
(19) At the time of the International Congress of ICID triennially, 'N.D. Gulhati Memorial Lecture for International Cooperation' is delivered by an eminent and distinguished personality, bringing out significant developments in irrigation and drainage engineering, including all allied aspects like environment, sociology, economics, etc.
(20) ICID has, through its conferences and meetings addressed the challenges facing irrigated agriculture in the increased competition for water. Official statements and declarations have been issued setting out action plans to promote and increase the conservation of water. WatSave brings together all the major irrigated countries in the world to promote progress in this area. Special WatSave Awards for technology, management and for young professionals, who have made an outstanding and innovative contribution to the conservation of water in irrigation, are also presented.
(21) ICID welcomes participation of committed irrigation professionals from all disciplines, and invites all countries to participate in its activities in pursuit of its fundamental objectives.
For further enquiries kindly contact:
International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage
48, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri
New Delhi - 110 021, India
Phone : 91-11-26116837 or 91-11-26115679
Fax : 91-11-26115962
E-mail : email@example.com
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