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ICID is a unique platform for the exchange of knowledge and information related to agricultural water management. ICID organizes triennially International Congresses, World Irrigation Forum, and annual Regional Conferences to address and discuss issues of global/ regional importance. The ICID Congress focuses on the recent accomplishments as well as the upcoming issues that need to be addressed in irrigation and drainage. The Congresses also provide a platform for reviewing a number of contentious issues concerning the future of irrigation water vis-à-vis increased demands for competitive uses of water.
During the Congress, papers are presented and discussed for two Questions, a Special Session, a Symposium, and numerous Workshops. Participation is usually open to all National Committees and their members, to the nationals of member countries, other qualified international organizations, and some of the invited non-member countries.
So far ICID has held 21 Triennial Congresses, the 1st Congress was held in 1951 at Delhi, while the most recent (21st) Congress was held in Tehran, Iran in October 2011. The 22nd Congress with theme “Securing Water for Food and Rural Community under Climate Change” will be held in Gwangju, South Korea in September 2014.The questions addressed by various triennial Congresses clearly indicate a progressive shift from purely technical questions to global water and food issues and sustainability of irrigation.
As the events conclude, Statement / Declarations are released based on the proceedings/transactions of that event. Such Statement / Declarations help guide the policies of the organization and set the agenda for the future. Select statements / declarations can be seen below:
A position paper presents the collective views/ stand of the ICID on a given issue/ topic of wider importance.
Late President Honoraire N.D. Gulhati (India) has been called as `the father’ of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID). Mr. Gulhati was an eminent Civil Engineer, India’s principal negotiator on the Indus Water Treaty (1960), and a Water Resources Consultant to the United Nations Institutions, like - IDA, ESCAP and the World Bank. Late Mr. N.D. Gulhati had dedicated his entire professional life to the development of irrigation engineering and conceived and implemented the concept of an International Commission for ensuring international cooperation on advancing the world knowledge in the fields of irrigation, drainage, and flood management.He was the recipient of India’s prestigious award “Padma Bhushan” presentedby the President of India for his distinguished services of a high order.
In 1981, late Mr. Gulhati’s family donated a modest fund to ICID towards organizing `N.D. Gulhati Memorial Lecture for International Cooperation in Irrigation and Drainage’ as a mark of respect and for perpetuating his memory in appreciation of the services rendered by him to the field of irrigation and drainage. The lecture is delivered at the ICID Congress by an invited eminent expert from across the world. The main aim is to provide an international status and significant developments in irrigation and drainage engineering including all allied aspects like environment, sociology, economics etc.
ICID, for more than sixty two years has been engaged in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge, best practices and transfer of agriculture water management technology. It recognizes a gap between the research and its application in the field and therefore seeks enhanced support not only for research and development but also for capacity building and improved extension services in the dissemination of technology/information/ knowledge among all stakeholders, especially farmers.
A program for enhancing research and technology that replaces erstwhile IPTRID (hosted by FAO) and also to invigorate research in irrigation and drainage was launched by ICID in 2010. The main objective of the new initiative is to foster a conductive policy environment for increasing research and development, technology transfer, capacity building and networking needs of members; support uptake of advanced techniques appropriate to local conditions in developing countries; enhancing members’ research impacts by increasing coherence, convergence and concerted efforts and fostering innovation; and support capacity development activities.
The broad objective of the programme was to examine cross cutting issues and offer effective options for integrated water management in its participating countries. In the 1st phase of the programme (2002 -2005) five countries viz. China, India, Egypt, Mexico and Pakistan and five partnering international organizations viz., IWMI, IFPRI, FAO, IPTRID, The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank have participated. Country Policy Support Program (CPSP) was funded by the Sustainable Economic Development Department, National Policy Environment Division, Government of The Netherlands.
As an outcome of the CPSP, ICID brought more than 14 reports and a software called ‘Basin-wide Holistic Integrated Water Management (BHIWA) Model’ especially developed to provide an integrated computational framework for a basin level assessment of water resources with a view to evaluate water sector polices. All the reports/ software can be accessed at<www.icid.org/cpsp.html> for free down load.
Through this programme, ICID got an opportunity to deliberate on the challenging and complex task of exploring strategic direction for addressing water policy issues considering needs of all sectors in an integrated manner, keeping food security and rural development as the main focus.ICID believes that the CPSP output is a valuable addition to the Knowledge Base in the water sector and is be of interest not only to the policy makers, planners and water managers of the concerned countries but also to various international / scientific / expert organizations. We believe that the entire community dealing with the water related research, capacity building, funding and policies may find the products quite stimulating and help the future policy directions.
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